1760 Afghans defeat Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat.
1919 Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom.
1979 In Afghanistan, Maoists undertake an attempted military uprising.
1982 The Salang tunnel fire in Afghanistan kills up to 2,000 people.
1989 The American embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan closes.
1989 Soviet Union invasion of Afghanistan: The Soviet Union officially announces that all of its troops have left Afghanistan.
1990 An earthquake with its epicentre in Afghanistan results in the greatest number of fatalities in a mountaineering accident in High Asian mountains when an avalanche kills 43 climbers in Camp I on Pik Lenina (Lenin Peak).
1998 An earthquake measuring 6.1 on the Richter Scale in northeast Afghanistan kills more than 5,000.
1998 A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.
1998 Two hundred aid workers from CARE International, Doctors Without Borders and other aid groups leave Afghanistan on orders of the Taliban.
1998 U.S. embassy bombings: the United States launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
2001 Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan by two al Qaeda assassins who claimed to be Arab journalists wanting an interview.
2004 President Hamid Karzai signs the new constitution of Afghanistan.
2005 War in Afghanistan: Three U.S. Navy SEALs and 16 American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed during Operation Red Wing, a failed counter-insurgent mission in Kunar province, Afghanistan.